Environment and Biodiversity. Sharks are often caught and sold dried by artisanal inshore fishers. The foliage supplies fodder for livestock and wild animals. Issue 2: Environment z The list of Somalia‘s environmental challenges is long. Standing at the intersection of natural and man-made problems, land degradation is another key environmental issue in Somalia, closely linked to desertification, drought, and unsustainable livestock and agricultural practices. The JNA was a first step towards gathering current environmental information to form the basis of a Somali environmental information centre. According to a report from Common Community Care (2006), a local nongovernmental organization, radioactive materials and hydrogen peroxide toxic wastes were found in different locations in Southern and Central Somalia. Sign up to save lives in Somalia and around the world. If this issue is not acknowledged and dealt with sooner rather than later, the country could face an even direr situation than it currently is in. It is important to increase the efforts to domesticate yeheb in order to prevent its extinction and to develop its commercial benefits for the local people in the fight for poverty reduction and food security. Its topography ranges from hilly in the north, where the land rises to between 900 and 2,100 meters above sea level, to flats in the central and southern regions (USDS, 2010). Yeheb has remarkable commercial potential. March 14, 2011 By Wilson Center Staff. Somalia is marauded with a number of domestic problems including poverty, lack of basic services, national debt, and security issues to name a few, however of all of these problems, the most pressing is the lack of access to clean water that the nation faces. Somalia Environment - current issues Acid rain . The UNDP has provided assistance to Somalia to strengthen its national capacity so that it can engage in the Global Environmental Facility and implement programmes to protect Somalia’s fragile and significantly degraded environmental resources. Since the end of the 2011 drought, the UN has spent an estimated $4.5 billion on emergency relief efforts to avert another famine in Somalia. Yeheb is therefore listed as an endangered species by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN). Degradation in the quality of soil and loss of fertility has also become a very serious concern. It spans from deforestation to land degradation. In the early 21st century, Somalia’s fishing industry was affected by climate change, overfishing, and increasing incidents of piracy along the coasts. The overwhelming environmental problem in Somalia is water supply. The big question is … The main climatic trigger for the drought is widely believed to be La Niña, a cyclical Open defecation is common practice and 28 percent of the population defecate in the open . Somalia, officially the Federal Republic of Somalia is a sovereign country in the Horn of Africa.It is bordered by Ethiopia to the west, Djibouti to the northwest, the Gulf of Aden to the north, the Indian Ocean to the east, and Kenya to the southwest. Common … The use of contaminated water contributes to the human health problems. The original version of this op-ed, by Shannon Beebe, appeared in the Los Angeles Times. These can either be prevented, or the impact minimised, if institutions and mechanisms of good governance are in place. Land degradation is a key environmental issue in Somalia, closely linked to desertification, drought and unsustainable livestock and agricultural practices. 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