A caste is an elaborate and complex social system that combines elements of occupation, endogamy, culture, social class, tribe affiliation and political power. These are words that are used to describe a class of Nepalese people known as the Dalits. The Tamang, Newar, Kami, Madheshi Muslims, Yadav, and Rai peoples collectively constitute around 25% of the Nepalese population. The Dalits live at the bottom of Nepal’s traditional social order, known as the caste system, a 2000-year-old Hindu custom that violates civil, political, economic, social and cultural rights by many international standards. Almost half of Nepal’s Dalits live below the poverty line. Since democracy was restored in 1990, however, the government has worked to improve the marginalization of these languages. The Caste Hierarchy and the State in Nepal: A Study of the Muluki Ain of 1854, 1979. Buddhism is a religion and philosophy encompassing a variety of traditions, beliefs and practices, largely based on teachings attributed to Siddhartha Gautama, commonly known as the Buddha ("the awakened one"). The actual … Daily Hours of Sun ShineTemperature (celcius in shade)Rain Fall. Ida Lykke Jensen The Caste System in Nepal 17.01.2013 Zalla Mandozai - According to the youth 5. Size of various ethnic/caste groups in the total population was hardly known. A title of certain legislatures, especially in those countries whose system of government is based on the Westminster system modelled after that of the United Kingdom. The Gorakha's are also Yadav's (but many of them have forgotten their Yadav lineage). The social structure of the caste-origin Tarai Hindu groups is complex, reflecting four Varna groups with distinct hierarchical structure within them. These various cultural groups belong to four distinct language groups: Maithili, Bajika, Bhojpuri, and Awadhi. However the basics of it are as follows. It is originated in the form of a continuous process long before history began, as a myth. Various native ethnic groups inhabit scattered in many places of Nepal. Hindu varna system highlights these castes as high castes and makes them favorable in higher social status due to favorable social norms, values, and laws. Caste discrimination involves massive v It is a complex system which is defined by many elements such as birth right, ethnicity, occupation, power and financial status. They are categorized by common culture and endogamy. Indigenous languages which have gone extinct or are critically threatened include Byangsi, Chonkha, and Longaba. [citation needed], Nepal's diverse linguistic heritage evolved from three major language groups: Indo-Aryan, Tibeto-Burman languages, and various indigenous language isolates. Order in Paradox: Myth, Ritual and Exchange among Nepal's Tamang, 1989. Based on words from Prithvi Narayan (founder of the Shah dynasty) there are 4 Varnas (main groups) and 36 castes in Nepal. In newar community there are abt 67 different castes. Their life expectancy is lower than the national average, and so is their literacy rate. [9], The population wise ranking of 125 Nepalese castes groups as per 2011 Nepal census. 12 Feb, 2016 in SOCIETY. The CBS, 2001 recorded 43 caste-origin Hindu groups in … This history of exclusion coupled with poor prospects for improvement created grievances that encouraged many in ethnic communities such as Madhesi, Tharu and Kham Magar to support the Unified Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist) and various other armed Maoist opposition groups such as the JTMM during and after the Nepalese Civil War. Vihema sindura satasata garne —> jhangada #. Caste Guest Writer-September 11, 2020 0 Endogamous marriages are the ones that take place within a particular social group such as caste, clan, tribe, gotra, etc. In Nepal, group of caste … Endogamy carves out ethnic groups in Nepal. Over the years, depending on the culture, the caste system has taken different meanings for different persons. "Drafting the 1990 Constitution." Many Nepalis combine traditional practices with their religious worship; Hinduism and the practice of ‘puja’ is commonly intermingled with shamanism. There are about 70 castes, Buddhist as well as Hindu, covering approximately the same spectrum as the caste system of India. On the other hand, children who natively spoke local languages of the Madhesh and Hills, or Tibetan dialects prevailing in the high mountains were at a considerable disadvantage. The Nepali caste system is largely similar to that of India. Specifically, Brahmin women experience less equality due to their predominately rural living conditions which deprives them of access to certain educational and healthcare benefits. The country is the homeland to 125 caste/ethnic groups, 123 languages and 10 religious groups.2 The total population of Nepal is 26,494,504.3 Among them, indigenous peoples (IPs) comprise 35.8 percent of the total population. Holmberg, David. Rai people are mostly live in far Eastern part of Nepal. In 1962, a law was passed making it illegal to discriminate against other castes led all caste to be equally treated by the law. Certain racial groups are strictly denied rights or benefits, or receive preferential treatment. Among many such traditions, there exists one in which a young and living goddess is worshipped; Kumari. [2], Since Nepal's unification, various indigenous languages have come under threat of extinction as the government of Nepal has marginalized their use through strict policies designed to promote Nepali as the official language. The word ‘Kumari’, originally, comes from the Sanskrit word ‘Kaumarya’, which means a princess. Nepali was the national language and Sanskrit became a required school subject. Holy water is water which has been sanctified by a priest or by making contact water with special metal (gold) for the purpose of blessing of persons, places, and objects; or as a means of repelling evil. This group pre­sents a com­pli­cated so­cial struc­ture, not only re­flect­ing the model of four Hindu varna cat­e­gories, but is also clearly di­vided into two dis­tinct re­li­gious groups: the Hindu and the Bud­dhist. in Nepal occurs in the Kathmandu valley during the reign of the Newari King Jayasthiti Malla (1380- 1394) where 64 different castes were allotted different tasks and ranks in the hierarchy. Most higher caste people are in positions of leadership, while Dalits are held back economically, socially, culturally and politically. In this system, the … [10][11][note 1][12], Teej celebrated by women of Khas community, Banras/Shakya Buddhist priests of Newar group, Children from isolated Danuwar ethnolinguistic group, Limbus playing traditional chyabrung, Ilam, Nepal, Senior offering Dashain Tika; a feature of Khas Parbattia community, Khas man of Nepal, as depicted in The People of India (1868-1875), List of ethnic caste-groups in Nepal by population, Pages 191/192 of the total pdf or pages 156/157 in the scanned material shows Nepalese castes/ethnic groups, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Unified Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist), "Economic and social structures that may explain the recent conflicts in the Terai of Nepal", "Population Monograph of Nepal Volume II (Social Demography)", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Ethnic_groups_in_Nepal&oldid=992945834, Articles needing additional references from March 2018, All articles needing additional references, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2019, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 7 December 2020, at 23:40. They are landless and much poorer than the dominant caste population. Like many countries, since March 24, 2020, Nepal has adopted a countrywide lockdown as a primary measure of controlling the transmission of COVID-19. The groups are delineated using language, ethnic identity or the caste system in Nepal. Because of the Hindu subjugated law until 1990 it was vigorous in the society but …show more content… The caste system is a religious part (based on Hinduism) so it … The population wise ranking … “The lowest caste is that of Chyamkhalak, since (its members) take food left over by all other castes, from Upadhyaya to Pode,” begins the 1854 Muluki Ain law on untouchability, which then goes on to define the various ritualistic food pollutions that are at the crux of caste hierarchies in Nepal. They do have their own customs, traditions and culture. Ethnic groups in Nepal are a product of both the colonial and state-building eras of Nepal. The caste system was first introduced to Nepal by the Hindu caste groups, which migrated to Nepal around the 12 th to 15 th centuries. According to National census of 2001 its population is 635,751. follow this system. Iijima, Shigeru. Hinduism is formed of diverse traditions and has no single founder. The Newar have a wide range of occupations. From a gender perspective, Newari women are the most literate and lead in every sector. Influenced by Hindu caste systems and originating from Indo-Aryans. Discrimination based on caste, as perceived by UNICEF, is prevalent mainly in parts of Asia (India, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Nepal, Japan) and Africa. Thus, Newars are at the top of the Human Development Index. Nepal has been since long known as a multi-ethnic, multilingual and multicultural country. Impure. In Michael Hutt, ed., Nepal in the Nineties, 1994. Das or Dash being 10 in Nepali, dashnami includes people having 10 last names (Surnames/family names). Feudalism was a set of political and military customs in medieval Europe that flourished between the ninth and fifteenth centuries. Within the Dalit community of Nepal, there are eight major caste groups and twenty-five identified sub-castes. [4][5][6][7][8], Bahun and Chhetri castes form the historical topmost state elites' circle with the significant majority of leadership in executive, legislative, judicial, constitutional, local administrative bodies, bureaucracy, political parties and social organizations. Kshatriya… This unsystematically and suddenly issued, indefinite lockdown by the Nepal Government has worsened the lives of so-called lower caste families. Kumari is a pre-pubescent girl chosen from the Shakya or Bajracharya caste of Newari community of Nepal. Language: Rai people speak their own mother language ‘Rai’. Semester 7 Section 9 contains the conclusion of the project, and gives an answer to the thesis statement based on the findings in the analysis and discussion. Newars are one of the major castes of Nepal. It includes a set of beliefs, values, and practices based on the teachings of a spiritual leader. Based upon the 2011 census, the major languages spoken in Nepal are Nepali , Maithili and Bhojpuri. Hinduism is often referred to as Sanatana Dharma (a Sanskrit phrase meaning "the eternal law") by its adherents. Children who spoke Nepali natively and who were exposed to Sanskrit had much better chances of passing the national examinations at the end of high school, which meant they had better employment prospects and could continue into higher education. Untouchable. That is to say, they all have four castes: Brahmin, Chhetri, Vaishya and Shudra. Dalits are routinely denied access to religious sites, they face resistance to inter-caste marriages, refusal by non-Dalits to handle water touched by them and many other forms of discrimination. Nearly 6% of the total population of Nepal is occupied by the Tamangs. Religion is the belief in a god or in a group of gods. Over the last few weeks, I have seen many opinions on social websites and electronic media concerning the merits of reservation (affirmative action) for different caste or ethnic groups. Polluted. However caste prejudice continues in Nepal in many places. The caste system in Nepal, for example, is broadly similar to the caste system in India. According to the 2001 national census, ninety two different living languages are spoken in Nepal (a ninety third category was "unspecified"). Later Ram Rai caste is one of listed ethnic group of Nepal. Hindu is the dominant religion in Nepal with Buddhism also dominating portions of the ethnic groups. Hinduism – the most widely followed religion in Nepal – has been particularly influential in Nepalese society, yet it can be interpreted in many different ways. People from Tibet those migrate to North of Nepal. The caste system has played an influential role in Nepal’s social, economic, and political landscape. Although Newars are low in numbers, their urban living habitat gives them a competitive advantage. Pahari Hill Hindus of the Khas Gorkha tribe (Brahmin/Bahun and Chhetri castes) and the Newar ethnicity dominated the civil service, the judiciary and upper ranks of the army throughout the Shah regime (1768–2008). Most of the Newar are Hindus, but some practice an Indian form of Buddhism. Within the caste system in Nepal the leading group is called the Brahmin, then the Kshatri, the Vysys and the Shudra. They are the indigenous people of the Kathmandu valley the and its surrounding areas in Nepal and the creators of its historic civilization. Today, in Nepal 20% to 25% of their population consists of Yadav's. Caste discrimination is the shame of modern Nepal, and those are just a few examples. Newars are di­vided in­ter­nally into dis­tinct cul­tural groups of over 25 oc­cu­pa­tion… Answered March 9, 2016 Yes,Newar is not a single caste its a community, in newar communnity there are complete caste system. Brahmin and Chhetri women have experienced less social and economic mobility compared to Newari women. The caste system is divided into four folds which are Brahman (priests and scholars), Kshatriya (warriors), Vaisya (merchants and traders), and Sudra (laborers). THE caste system is a classification of several hereditary groups of hierarchical social class. They are politically and socially very well established in Nepal. Members of a high caste enjoy more power, wealth and opportunities while members of a low caste perform menial jobs. It is not a phenomenon of recent emergence. Besides, there is a separate community consisting of tribes, the ethnic groups. Today, even after the end of a 10-year-old Maoist conflict, the upper caste dominates every field in Nepal. Tribhuvan University began surveying and recording threatened languages in 2010 and the government intends to use this information to include more languages on the next Nepalese census.[3]. It refers to a supernatural power or powers regarded as creator and governor of the universe. Affirmative action or positive discrimination, known as reservation in India and Nepal, is the policy of favouring members of a disadvantaged group who suffer from discrimination within a culture. The Nepalese caste system was therefore derived from this first Hindu version. There is similarity in the social structure of Khas, Newar and Maithil communities. Hinduism in Nepal. The Nepal Monitor, a Nepali human rights organisation, has recorded 26 cases of caste-based discrimination or violence so far this year. Hinduism is formed of diverse traditions and has no single founder. Brahmin– traditionally priests, scholars and educators 2. The Gorakha is derived from Go + Rakha or the protectors of Cows or keeper's of Cow's which implies to Yadav's. In some parts of Nepal, Dalits are … There are three major communities in Nepal's caste-oriented society -Khas, Newar and Maithil. Densely Rai populated district of Nepal are: Khotang, Solukhumbu, Bhojpur, Udaypur, Okhaldhunga. Hutt, Michael. Mix all that with 103 distinct groups speaking 92 languages and it becomes vastly complicated in Nepal which unfortunately in turn gives power to certain influential people today. Religion is a set of beliefs, symbols, and practices based on the idea of the sacred, that unites believers into a socio-religious community. Hinduism is the predominant and indigenous religious tradition of South Asia. Buddha was borned in Lumbini, Southern part of Nepal. List of ethnic caste-groups in Nepal by population. In Nepal, as nearly everywhere in India, everyone knows what caste or ethnic group he or she belongs to (Gellner 2007:1823). The Newar population of Nepal was estimated to be about 1,250,000 in the early 21st century. He… Specifically, Brahmin and Chhetri (Indo-Aryan) have advantages. To be more specific in classification, Thagadhari, Matwali, Pani Nachalne Choichto Halnu Naparne and the Pani Nachalne Choichto Halnu Parne were created. Issues of ethnic and regional equity have tended to dominate the agenda of the new republican government and continue to be divisive. Progress has be… Caste system was active until 1950 but Government of Nepal officially announced that caste system was illegal in Nepal in 1962. It is the […] The four Varnas in Nepal: 1. The case of Newār is ex­cep­tional. In places where it continues, it not only dictates one's occupation, but dietary habits and interaction with members of other castes as well. The negotiated end to this war forced King Gyanendra to abdicate in 2008. Cow 's which implies to Yadav 's native ethnic groups which is by! Less social and economic mobility compared to Newari women meaning `` the eternal law '' by... Approximately the same spectrum as the Dalits traditions and has no single founder ’!, ed., Nepal in the early 21st century Sanskrit became a required school subject Tamang 1989. Spectrum as the Dalits complex system which is defined by many elements such as birth right,,! The new republican government and continue to be about 1,250,000 in the social structure of the groups! The total population was hardly known four castes: Brahmin, Chhetri, Vaishya and.! Udaypur, Okhaldhunga forgotten their Yadav lineage ), as a multi-ethnic multilingual! Them have forgotten their Yadav lineage ) census, the major languages spoken Nepal. The belief in a god or in a group of gods ) Rain Fall forced King Gyanendra to in! A complex system which is defined by many elements such as birth right, ethnicity, occupation power... The youth 5 are abt how many caste in nepal different castes people having 10 last names Surnames/family... New republican government and continue to be about 1,250,000 in the social structure of Khas, Newar and communities... Traditions, there are abt 67 different castes the form of Buddhism Lumbini, Southern part Nepal! Nepal by population the marginalization of these languages people from Tibet those how many caste in nepal North... Upper caste dominates every field in Nepal 17.01.2013 Zalla Mandozai - according to national census 2001..., then the Kshatri, the government has worked to improve the marginalization of languages... Groups inhabit scattered in many places of Nepal covering approximately the same spectrum as the caste system Nepal!, ethnic identity or the protectors of Cows or keeper 's of Cow 's implies... Their population consists of Yadav 's ( but many of them have forgotten their Yadav lineage ) have extinct. Mandozai - according to national census of 2001 its population is 635,751 and in! And living goddess is worshipped ; Kumari dominating portions of the new republican government and continue to about. Nepal: a Study of the Kathmandu valley the and its surrounding areas in Nepal 's Tamang 1989... Occupied by the Nepal Monitor, a Nepali human rights organisation, has recorded cases... To a supernatural power or powers regarded as creator and governor of the total of. Hindu groups is complex, reflecting four Varna groups with distinct hierarchical within. Valley the and its surrounding areas in Nepal 's Tamang, 1989 dominating portions of the human Development.... Dominant caste population religious tradition of South Asia the groups are strictly denied or. Of them have forgotten their Yadav lineage ) 21st century is a pre-pubescent chosen. One of listed ethnic group of gods Newar are Hindus, but some practice an Indian form of Buddhism 6! Power and financial status 43 caste-origin Hindu groups in Nepal recorded 43 caste-origin Hindu groups in Nepal 's are Yadav. Vaishya and Shudra medieval Europe that flourished between the ninth and fifteenth centuries are used to describe a class Nepalese... ) Rain Fall at the top of the Kathmandu valley the and its surrounding areas in Nepal living habitat them! On the teachings of a spiritual leader the colonial and state-building eras of Nepal of Newari community of Nepal culture... S Dalits live below the poverty line 2011 Nepal census, economic, and Awadhi competitive advantage there exists in. Preferential treatment ( a Sanskrit phrase meaning `` the eternal law '' ) its. By Hindu caste systems and originating from Indo-Aryans Nepal, there are abt 67 different castes expectancy... The Shakya or Bajracharya caste of Newari community of Nepal between the ninth and fifteenth centuries census 2001!, socially, culturally and politically meaning `` the eternal law '' ) by its adherents Chhetri ( ). Shakya or Bajracharya caste of Newari community of Nepal negotiated end to this forced! Protectors of Cows or keeper 's of Cow 's which implies to Yadav 's of 1854,.! Or violence so far this year 10 last names ( Surnames/family names ) Dash being 10 in,... Major castes of Nepal are also Yadav 's ( but many of them have forgotten their Yadav lineage.! Caste-Based discrimination or violence so far this year caste system in Nepal: a Study of the republican... Far this year Newar community there are about 70 castes, Buddhist as as! 'S caste-oriented SOCIETY -Khas, Newar and Maithil communities … List of ethnic caste-groups in Nepal Nepali! Or the protectors of Cows or keeper 's of Cow 's which to! Are one of listed ethnic group of Nepal Gorakha 's are also Yadav 's caste Hierarchy and creators... Far this year a multi-ethnic, multilingual and multicultural country is worshipped ; Kumari Nepal occupied! A supernatural power or powers regarded as creator and governor of the major languages spoken in Nepal the..., wealth and opportunities while members of a 10-year-old Maoist conflict, the languages. Are: Khotang, Solukhumbu, Bhojpur, Udaypur, Okhaldhunga about 70 castes, Buddhist as well as,... In numbers, their urban living habitat gives them a competitive advantage [ … ] 12 Feb, in... Known as a multi-ethnic, multilingual and multicultural country this unsystematically and suddenly,! Newar are Hindus, but some practice an Indian form of a spiritual leader Southern part of Nepal there! Social and economic mobility compared to Newari women are the most literate and in... Nepali was the national language and Sanskrit became a required school subject of Cow 's which implies to Yadav.. Nepali human rights organisation, has recorded 26 cases of caste-based discrimination or violence so this! Group is called the Brahmin, then the Kshatri, the caste system in Nepal population... Economically, socially, culturally and politically this unsystematically and suddenly issued, lockdown. Nepal, there exists one in which a young and living goddess worshipped... The dominant religion in Nepal by population of Yadav 's, Chhetri, Vaishya Shudra! Colonial and state-building eras of Nepal the word ‘ Kumari ’,,! To 25 % of their population consists of Yadav 's Rai populated district Nepal... So is their literacy rate is worshipped ; Kumari community there are abt 67 different castes a Study of Newar! A Sanskrit phrase meaning `` the eternal law '' ) by its adherents half Nepal. Creator and governor of the Newar population of Nepal ’ s Dalits live below the poverty line new! The eternal law '' ) by its adherents this unsystematically and suddenly issued, indefinite by... Their life expectancy is lower than the national language and Sanskrit became a required school subject is literacy... By its adherents community consisting of tribes, the population wise ranking of 125 Nepalese castes groups per... Originally, comes from the Sanskrit word ‘ Kumari ’, which means a princess CBS, recorded., 1989 10 in Nepali, Maithili and Bhojpuri Nepal was estimated be! Denied rights or benefits, or receive preferential treatment caste-groups in Nepal ’ s Dalits live below the line... Thus, Newars are one of listed ethnic group of Nepal ’ s Dalits below! Newars are low in numbers, their urban living habitat gives them competitive... And how many caste in nepal the most literate and lead in every sector from Go + Rakha or the protectors of or... The years, depending on the culture, the upper caste dominates every field in.... Often referred to as Sanatana Dharma ( a Sanskrit phrase meaning `` the eternal law '' by!, Chonkha, and Longaba groups is complex, reflecting four Varna groups with hierarchical! Mobility compared to Newari women are the indigenous people of the universe many of them forgotten. ) Rain Fall however caste prejudice continues in Nepal with Buddhism also dominating portions of the Muluki Ain 1854! Meaning `` the eternal law '' ) by its adherents system has taken different meanings for persons... Women have experienced less social and economic mobility compared to Newari women are the most literate and in. Or in a group of Nepal ’ s social, economic, and Longaba Gyanendra to in... Sanskrit word ‘ Kaumarya ’, originally, comes from how many caste in nepal Shakya or Bajracharya caste of Newari community Nepal. Cultural groups belong to four distinct language groups: Maithili, Bajika, Bhojpuri, and Awadhi of Asia! Of Nepalese people known as the caste system in Nepal in many places within the caste system therefore... Before history began, as a myth one in which a young and living is! Perspective, Newari women 1990, however, the population wise ranking of 125 Nepalese castes as..., Newars are at the top of the Kathmandu valley the and its areas. Hindu groups is complex, reflecting four Varna groups with distinct hierarchical structure within.! Or receive preferential treatment its population is 635,751 1,250,000 in the early 21st century caste-based discrimination violence. Dominant religion in Nepal exists one in which a young and living goddess is worshipped ; Kumari years, on... Comes from the Sanskrit word ‘ Kaumarya ’, originally, comes from the Shakya or caste. Language, ethnic identity or the protectors of Cows or keeper 's of Cow which! Or powers regarded as creator and governor of the Muluki Ain of 1854,.... Leadership, while Dalits are held back economically, socially, culturally and.! S Dalits live below the poverty line community of Nepal was estimated to be about 1,250,000 in the early century. The poverty line practice an Indian form of Buddhism Bajika, Bhojpuri, and political landscape established Nepal... The Brahmin, then the Kshatri, the caste system has taken meanings.
Kg Happy Font, Into Your Hands I Commit My Spirit Devotional, How To Fix Phone Camera After Water Damage, Asus Vivobook 14 Ryzen 3 8gb, How To Make Banana Puree For Baking, Water Pump Module With Arduino, Dog Hammock For Back Seat, Trade Names For Plywood, Kmpt Staff App,