, Casuality Replacement for 2nd year and 3rd year(taking 20%, Host Plant Seedling cost including gap filling, Planting cost including Soil working @ 10 per pit (435+87 sandal + 480 host), Weeding and Soil Working for 8 years ( @ 8000 x 8 years), Land and other infrastructure exp per acre for 15 years, Heart Wood from 400 tree @ 15 kg per tree, Sap wood and middle wood @ 30 kg per tree from 400 tree. Red Sandalwood Plant Xylem transfer of organic solutes in Santalum album L. (Indian sandalwood) in association with legume and non legume hosts. After 36 DASH, ET of sandalwood seeding with primary host sengon increased, and had the highest ET. The septa at the nodes are removed and one end of the pole is sharpened or a hollow metal piece is attached. Such a database needs to be updated to incorporate proper description of each of these valuable properties of S. album. Stem borers Zeuzera coffease Nietn (red borer) Indarbela quardinotata Walker (bark-feeding caterpillar) and Aristobia octofasiculata Aurivillius (heartwood borer) are some of the pests causing considerable damage to living trees. /* Add your own MailChimp form style overrides in your site stylesheet or in this style block. They can tolerate shallow, rocky ground and stony or gravelly soils, voiding saline or calcareous soils, and are not exacting about the depth of the soil. The usual trench mound technique adopted in forest for other species is also adopted for sandal. Provision has been made for payment of market value to owner of sandalwood trees. Sandalwood plays an important role in the religious life of Indians. Plant the sandalwood seed ¾" to 1" below the soil and water it lightly everyday. It is not frost tolerant, being killed by temperatures of -1 °C but stays well at semi-arid clima.. Sandal Wood - Santalum Album */. This species has historically been cultivated, processed and traded since ancient times. These trees range in size from small shrubs to trees of around 12 meters (40 feet) tall. Sandalwood is light demanding and can be easily suppressed by faster-growing species. Cajanus cajan (pigeon pea) is another good host species for sandalwood trees. The price of Sandalwood in India is everyday increasing price Rs. To 7.5. After-care Just like human babies, your sandalwood saplings will need most care in the first year, and will be increasingly independent in following years. Annals of Botany 82: 675-682. The occurrence of heartwood varies. The oil content and its composition may differ at the same age: (i) Young trees (height less than 10 m, girth less than 50 cm, and heartwood diameter 0.5-2 cm) have heartwood with 0.2-2 percent oil content, which has 85 percent santalol, 5 percent acetate, and 5 percent santalenes. From 24 to 36 DASH, ET for all types of host plants were similar. (ii) Mature trees (height 15-20 m, girth 0.5-1 m, and heartwood diameter 10-20 cm) have heartwood with oil content of 2- 6.2 percent, which has over 90 percent santalol, 3-5 percent acetate, and 3 percent santalenes. Clear an area for planting and dig a pit about 30cm3 in size. Ideal Soil Sandal trees grow mainly on red ferregenuous loam, overlying metamorphic rocks, chiefly gneiss. Tropical Forestry Services will conduct its first commercial harvest of sandalwood in Kununurra this year. The pole is introduced at the base of the bush and through the hole 4 to 5 seeds are transferred to the base of the bush. Seeds can be sown in polythene bags along with the sandal seeds and watering is once a day. Spacing : 6 mt X 3 mt (Sandal), 6 mt x 6 mt ( Mango). In Tonga, sandalwood is often grown with other commercially-productive plants such as pine, casuarina, citrus, and paper mulberry. The species grows in alluvial soils, wet river sites, mangroves, dune swales, sandstone screes and rainforest and is described as a tree or shrub 3 – 24 m high. If any climbers surround your seedling, cut and remove them. It can occur at any stage of development of the tree. Sandalwood has been valued for centuries for its fragrance, wood working potential and various purported medicinal qualities. The Plantsguru free of cost replacement or refund claim is available to you. The plant is widely cultivated and long lived, although harvest is viable after 40 years. ), Red Sandalwood seeds (500gm) - Lal Chandan, Rakt Chandan. This disease is caused by mycoplasma-like organisms (MLO). (Very appropriate for a Lunar plant). To grow well it will depend on a host plant. Planting your own Sandalwood Tree The sandalwood is a root parasite so you have to provide other plants for it to grow along with, especially by the time it is 8" high, Alternatively, when you plant the sandalwood seed, also throw in some toor dal or butterfly seeds. To prevent contamination of local varieties, plant these seeds only in urban areas, not in protected forest areas. Sandal has over 150 host plants, some of the good hosts being Casuarina equisetifolia, Acacia nilotica, Pongamia pinnata, Melia dubia, Wrightia tinctoria and Cassia siamea. 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